The afterglow of the empire- Winston Churchill(1) – US OBSERVERS

In 1704, at the Battle of Blenheim, John Churchill and Prince Eugen jointly defeated Louis XIV, breaking the Sun King’s 61-year undefeated myth. Because of this, John Churchill became famous for a time. He was as famous as Wellington and Nelson, and he was called the greatest military strategist in British history. The surname of Churchill is also closely related to the identity of the nobility, and the name is passed down to future generations.

     In 164 years after John’s death, the Churchill family welcomed a new member. At that time, no one thought that this child would surpass his ancestors. In the following decades, whenever the name Churchill was mentioned, people first thought of it. No longer his ancestors, but him Winston Churchill.

    Churchill was born in Blenheim Palace, the palace was built by the Queen of England for his ancestors to celebrate the victory of the Battle of Blenheim. There are many “palace” in the UK, but only this one does not belong to the royal family and the church, it symbolizes a unique aristocratic status. In such a family, Churchill became a typical noble child, he was arrogant and domineering, and he regarded himself as superior. But he has a strong sense of responsibility for the country and the royal family.

    In the same year, Churchill was not interested in learning. He was fond of history and passionate about poetry. In school, Churchill was naughty and rebellious and was often punished. His father had to send him to the Military Academy, hoping that he could behave well. Churchill quickly showed his enthusiasm for warfare and writing. In the Military Academy, he had excellent grades. He liked to experience the frontline of the war, record and report on the war, and eventually became a war reporter. He personally experienced two wars, one was the Battle of Malakand in India in 1897, and the other was the British-Bomb war in South Africa in 1899. During these two wars, Churchill wrote a lot of books. He wrote many news reports and published three books, and his literary talents began to show.

These two colonial wars also made Churchill aware of the importance of colonies to Britain and deepened his colonialism. He believes that “Britain not only introduced an enlightened government to India, but also introduced law and order, and also advocated respect for property and labor.” Behind these absurd remarks is his sense of superiority as a colonizer. When he was young, the ideas of racism, imperialism, and colonialism were rooted in Churchill’s mind, and eventually throughout his life.

    In the British-Berg War, Churchill was captured by the enemy, but he successfully escaped from prison and became famous because of this and became a war hero. In March 1900, while his fame was still alive, Churchill returned to England and seized the opportunity to be successfully elected as a member of the House of Commons, starting his 63-year political career. In 1908, Churchill was appointed chairman of the Trade Committee and formally entered the cabinet. At that time, he was only 34 years old, and he was on the same footing. In October 1911, Churchill was appointed as Secretary of the Navy, and he was always sensitive to war. In the tense atmosphere in Europe at that time, he realized that war was about to break out, so he changed the practice of continuously cutting military expenditures in the past, vigorously developed tanks and air forces, launched a maritime arms race with Germany, and produced a large number of dreadnoughts to ensure that the United Kingdom was Stay ahead in the navy. .

    In July 1914, when the First World War broke out, the great powers joined forces to fight for world hegemony. Churchill also aspired to be like his ancestors and make contributions in the war. But his performance was not satisfactory. As Minister of the Navy, he approved the navy’s plan to capture the Dardanelles. But the plan ultimately failed. The navy paid a huge price and failed to capture the strait. The advantage of the British at the beginning of the war was lost. Churchill became the target of a fierce attack by the Conservative Party and was removed from the post of Secretary of the Navy. He did not want to stay in politics anymore, and went straight to the battlefield of World War I. From a high-ranking cabinet minister to a battalion commander of the 6th battalion of the Mauser Spear Regiment, he led his soldiers on the Western Front. That was the low point of Churchill’s life. He was far from the center of power and was at risk of life at any time.

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