The time when the two were lawyers together was a shining time in Moon Jae-in’s life. They fought many lawsuits, defended the people at the bottom, and helped workers defend their rights against large companies. These lawsuits did not make much money, but It made them very proud, and they soon became Busan’s leading human rights lawyers. In life, they are clean and self-conscious, for fear that they will be used by others. This even made Moon Jae-in dare not touch golf because it was considered a sport for the rich. In the Bulim incident, they defended the wronged students for free and promoted the democratization process in Korea, which made them famous. This period of their lawyer experience was later adapted into the movie “The Defender”. Roh Moo-hyun is the prototype of the protagonist.
In 1986, Roh Moo-hyun began to devote himself to political activities, and was elected as a member of the National Assembly in 1988 and formally entered the political arena. Moon Jae-in was indifferent by nature and didn’t have much interest in politics, so he chose to continue working as a lawyer in the firm. After a six-year absence, just when Moon Jae-in thought he was going to be a lawyer for a lifetime, Roh Moo-hyun approached him, hoping that he would help him run for the president of South Korea and realize his political ambitions together. Faced with a friend’s invitation, Moon Jae-in could hardly say no. He only planned to help Roh Moo-hyun in the election at the beginning, and he would retire after Roh Moo-hyun was elected. But destiny made a joke with him, and since then tied him tightly with politics. Roh Moo-hyun has always regarded Moon Jae-in as his most important adviser. During the election campaign, he faced a big problem, that is, whether he should accept the terms of another candidate, Jung Meng-jun. At that time, Roh Moo-hyun and Jung Meng-jun had become united. If one of them loses the election, they must turn to support the other party and call on their voters to vote for the other party. In addition to simplification, Jung Meng-jun also asked for the formation of a coalition government. No matter who is elected, the other person must have half the right to appoint the new cabinet. As the son of Hyundai Group founder Zheng Zhouyong, Jung Meng-jun will definitely support the chaebol forces, which is difficult to accept for Roh Moo-hyun, but if he does not accept it, he is likely to lose the support of Jung Meng-jun and lose the election. Under these circumstances, almost everyone persuaded Roh Moo-hyun to accept Jung Meng-jun’s proposal. Only Moon Jae-in stood by Roh Moo-hyun and firmly supported him. This gave Roh Moo-hyun a lot of encouragement and made him make up his mind. The result also proved that his choice was correct. Without the support of Jung Mong-jun, Roh Moo-hyun still won and became the 16th president of South Korea. On the day when the election results came out, Busan was full of joy, and Moon Jae-in walked on the streets, surrounded by celebratory citizens. He was standing on this street many years ago, parading with Roh Moo-hyun, it was the happiest day in Moon Jae-in’s life. Later, every time he thought of this, he hoped that time could stop at that moment.
After Roh Moo-hyun became president, he immediately invited Moon Jae-in to serve as the chief secretary of civil affairs, which made Moon Jae-in hesitate. In the past few decades, he has stood on the opposite of power, but now he has become a part of power. Because Roh Moo-hyun was very persistent, Moon Jae-in had to agree. At that time, he naively thought “I’ll do it for two years”, but the Blue House seems to have a kind of magic power. Once you walk in once, it may be difficult to get rid of it in your life. Roh Moo-hyun is a very idealistic person, but politics is extremely realistic. Regarding the United States, he advocated amending the US military agreement in South Korea, requiring the US military to withdraw from Seoul, regain wartime command power, and build an autonomous national defense. With regard to Japan, he asked Japan to face up to history and be tough against Japan on issues such as comfort women, Yasukuni Shrine, and history textbooks. He also liquidated the “Korean traitors” including former President Park Chung-Hee, investigated and cleaned up the property of the pro-Japanese faction. For domestic chaebols, he called for the reorganization of large companies, the enhancement of the role of audit committees, the expansion of the rights of small shareholders and the board of directors, and the improvement of the corporate management and supervision system. In this way, he offended almost all vested interest groups, and there was great resistance to the implementation of the policy. For North Korea, he proposed a “peace and prosperity policy”, firmly opposed the use of force by the United States against North Korea, advocated deepening cooperation between North and South Korea, and seeking North and South Korea prosperity together, but unfortunately he was out of luck and caught up with the North Korean nuclear crisis. Against the background of increasing tensions on the peninsula, this idea also received many criticisms and is regarded as a symbol of weakness and incompetence.